英法百年戰爭英文版介紹

英法百年戰爭英文版介紹
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Hundred Years′War 英法百年戰爭

It‘s the longest war of the world.Lasted for 116 years,from 1337 to 1453. It began betweeen The Kingdom of England and The Kingdom of France.

? Background
The source is in the region Flanders(法蘭德斯).At that time,Flanders is a famous industry advanced area of Europe.The businessmen of Flanders wanted to escape from the control of the emperor of France.But they daren't to be rebels,so they thought out a good idea,they issued that the emperor of England is the feudal lord(領主)of France.Because England had a part of French land,so they could say they were English people.And just because of Flemish(法蘭德斯人的)statement,England and France began the war that lasted for one hundred years.

? Primacord
In 1328,Charles IV died.Capetian Dynasty was without offspring. The house of Valois’s Philippe VI acceded to the throne. Edward III fight with Philippe VI for the throne in the quanlification of Charles IV’s nephew. The war broke out.

Philippe VI

Edward III

? Process
The First Stage
Nevember 1337,Edward III(愛德華三世)leaded the military to attack France,the war began. 1337-1360 year,England and France fighted for Flanders and Keane(基恩). 1340,England beat France in Battle of Sluys(斯魯伊斯海 戰),England controled the English channel(英吉利海峽). August 1346,England got a great victory in Battle of Crécy. The next year,in July,England captured Calais. 1348,the black death spread across the European,and the two contries stopped battling for 10 years. 1356,England invaded France again,and captrued Keane and Gasconha (加斯科涅),being in the south-west of France. 1360,France was forced to conclude and sign(簽訂) the Treaty of Bretigny(布勒丁尼合約),which was a very unfair treaty.

Treaty of Bretigny
1356,the Black Prince Edward(黑太子愛德華)arrived in Bordeaux(波爾多),invincibility(不可戰勝地),in September,in Poitiers(普瓦捷),beat France,caught alive the emperor of France Jéan II the prince Philippe and a lot of noblemen(貴 族).The prince was forced to conclude and sign the Treaty of Brétigny,which mainly involved the following things: 1.the England emperor gave up the right of inheritance(紀 承權) of the French emperor 2.France gave lots of French territories(領土) to England 3.France must pay for a great deal of money to ransomed(贖回) Jéan II.

Battle of Crecy

The battle of Crecy(克雷西會戰) happened on August 26 1346,and English sodiers who used England longbow(英格蘭長弓) beat French heavy armour knights(重甲騎士)and sodiers holding crossbow(十字弓).It's a most classical battle in the hundred years' war.English emporer Edward III leaded 15 thousand sodiers to invade France through the sea.French emporer Philippe VI sent 30 thousand sodiers against England.In this battle,England longbow played a key function.They fought in forest,and the knights couldn't work well. At the end,about 10 thou

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